Java Constructor

Java Constructor

Java Constructor is a special method which can be invoked at the time of Object Creation. A constructor is used to initialize the newly created object.
For Example, We have a class called Hello when  you create the object of the Hello Class
Hello Class Constructor gets Invoked  like below
package com.practice;

public class Hello {
 Hello() {
  /* Constructor */
  System.out.println("Hello Class Constructor");
 }

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  Hello hello = new Hello();//Object Creation

 }
}

output
Hello Class Constructor
Rules to declare a constructor
  •  A constructor must have the same name as Class.
  •  A constructor has no return type explicitly.
 Types of constructors  in Java
  1. default Constructor (or) no-arg Constructor
  2. Parameterized Constructor
Default constructor (or) no-arg Constructor
If the constructor doesn't contain any arguments(parameters) then such type of constructor is known as default constructor (or) no-arg Constructor. In any java class if we don't create any constructor manually compiler creates a one default constructor. If the programmer defines any constructor in java class java compiler will not create any default(no argument) Constructor. The default constructor gets invoked during The Object creation.

Example
public class DefaultConstructorDemo {
//default constructor declaration can be invoked during object creation
public DefaultConstructorDemo() {
  System.out.println("default constructor....");
 }
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  DefaultConstructorDemo d = new DefaultConstructorDemo();
 }
}
output

Parameterized Constructor
   A  Constructor with parameters(arguments)  is called parameterized Constructor. A parameterized constructor is used to initialize the object. initializing the object means assigning values to object. This constructor is user-defined Constructor. Have a look at below example
Example
public class Account {
 private int accountId;
 private String name;
/*parameterized constructor declaration used to
initialize the instance variables.*/
 public Account(int accountId, String name) {
  this.accountId = accountId;
  this.name = name;
 }
 public void printValues() {
  System.out.println("Account id is :"+accountId);
  System.out.println("name is :"+name);
 }
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  Account account = new Account(1, "bala");
  account.printValues();
 }
}

output

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